The PV-VOC is designed to meet the requirements that larger Crude Oil Carriers have for P/V valves.
The PV-VOC is designed to reduce the amount of cargo vapor, by implementing a special 2-step opening sequence.
Pres-Vac is ISO 9001 certified to ensure consistency of the high-quality products that Pres-Vac is known for.
Compliance with rules and regulations
Flashback testing at low flow rates in accordance with EN ISO 16852:2010. The flashback tests shall be performed on pipe lengths equal to or longer than the pipe length, on which the valves are to be installed. This is mandatory according to EN ISO 16852:2010.
The patented PV-VOC pressure/vacuum valve is designed to optimize the VOC performance. Using fluid dynamic simulation software in connection with testing, we have achieved a performance that benefits all stages in the operation of an oil tanker. This includes filling, topping, breathing or VOC savings in accordance with the VOC management procedure required by IMO/MSC/ Circ.680.
Performance in four phases:
When the vessel is in the voyage and the only influences on the pressure in the cargo tank are the thermal variation and the movements of the ships, the valve will be in the breathing phase.
The breather performance will ensure that the pressure is kept on top of the cargo avoiding any unnecessary emission of VOC. The valve performance is characterised by the ability to open and close at the same pressure level. This performance is kept until approximately 50% of the total flow capacity is reached. Then the valve will enter the fully open phase.
2. The fully open phase
The valve will enter the fully open phase when the vessel is loading and the full flow capacity is required. The pressure unit will open up fully and ensure, that the pressure is maintained at the opening setting level. The design of the valve ensures a steady, non-oscillating behaviour keeping a constant pressure in the venting system until the loading has finished. The valve will then enter the closing phase.
3. The closing phase
When the cargo tank is getting close to full, the loading rate will decrease and the valve will enter the closing phase. The valve will start closing, still keeping a sufficient pressure on the cargo. The closing phase will be performed while ensuring that the blowdown will be as small as possible. The valve will still be open in this phase, but the performance will stop the evaporation of the cargo.
4. Topping off phase
When the cargo tank is almost full (closing towards 98%) the topping of the tank will result in a significant decrease in the loading rate to avoid the cargo from creating a sudden overpressure. This will force the valve into the final closing phase. In this phase, the valve will close at the same pressure as it opened, thus preserving the VOC in the cargo tank in compliance with the IMO/MSC/Circ. 680.
Effective relief of tank pressure
The PV-VOC valve provides effective control and management of the tank pressure. If the pressure exceeds the specified opening setting, the valve will open immediately and relieve the excess pressure. Similarly, if pressure during discharging gets below the specified opening pressure, the valve will open and relieve the vacuum.
The PV-VOC valve has an advanced flow control design to manage tank pressure:
Configured to your requirement
Pres-Vac P/V valves are individually configured to suit your specific requirements:
Low noise level
The PV-VOC valve is designed to minimise noise during operations. By optimising the nozzle design, the noise level of the PV-VOC valve has been reduced by 10-15 dB compared to other designs. In many applications, hearing protection will not be required.
Operations and maintenance made simple
The PV-VOC valve has been designed to simplify operation and maintenance. Daily operations
by the crew are made simple by the following features:
The PV-VOC valve has been made easier to maintain as follows:
The PV-VOC valve is always configured to meet the specific requirement of every single customer.
Different vessel designs need different venting requirements for pressure and vacuum valves. Furthermore, vessel designs tend to use different piping arrangement and consequently require different flange sizes and flange standards.
The pressure and vacuum unit of the valve can be delivered in five different sizes. The pressure and vacuum units can be freely combined to deliver the combination most suitable for your vessel.
All the combinations can be delivered in different flange sizes and with all flange standards.
Furthermore, Pres-Vac offers a broad range of options for the PV-VOC valve:
Custom solutions and special requirements can be delivered upon request.
Option: Integrated gas freeing cover
The gas freeing cover is installed as an integrated version on top of the vacuum valve. It can easily be operated without using tools.
The design ensures that the cover releases the maximum amount of vapour that the size of the piping allows.
Option: electric, steam or thermal Heating
The pressure unit and the vacuum unit can be equipped with a heating device. This prevents ice accretion*, which will result in malfunction. The heating will also prevent certain cargoes with a
high pour point from crystallising, as the temperature can be kept at a suitable level.
* Ice Accretion occurs when waves or heavy rain is present with surface temperatures at or below freezing. A layer of ice will accumulate and prevent the valve from functioning properly.
Option: Custom coating
As a standard the PV-VOC valve is delivered with the following Hempel paint:
(1 x 50 mic thickness) Red 5063 outer colour.
However, it is possible to deliver the PV-VOC valve in any colour.
You should choose a PV-VOC Ultimate if you are particularly concerned about leakage protection, loss of inert gas, disc/seat and flame screen maintenance costs.
The PV-VOC Ultimate delivers all the features of the PV-VOC Superior and three additional safety and maintenance features:
You should choose the PV-ECO Superior if your focus is to get a safe and very reliable P/V valve of high quality.
Suitable for chemical and oil products.
Maximum safety for crew, vessel and cargo
Compliance with all current and foreseen regulations
Designed to your needs
The valves can be optimized to effectively meet your venting requirements.
Excellent operational performance
Low maintenance costs